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Korean Alphabet Made Easy: Free Beginner’s Crash Course

Did you feel like learning the magnificent Korean alphabet(Hangul) is frying your brain? (like Korean numbers )

Well,  welcome to the club, my friend,

Those squiggly lines, strange shapes, and mind-boggling pronunciation can leave anyone feeling like a deer caught in the headlights. 

You might have thought, “Do I really need to dive into the depths of Hangul?” The answer is YES

First off, It’s on street signs, billboards, restaurant menus, your ramen packet instructions, and K-drama subtitles. Korean kids learn it in school like we learn ABCs.

We’ll walk you through Hangul’s history, tackle those consonants and vowels with memorable mnemonics, free printable flashcards, and a practice workbook to flex your Hangul muscles. 

because who doesn’t love some colorful, portable learning?

Plus, we’ve got audio to fine-tune your pronunciation, the stroke order of the 40 Hangeul letters, and how letters are combined into syllables. So you’ll be saying “안녕하세요” (hello) to Hangul in no time!  

Alright world,  it’s time to grab your kimchi, and dive in!!!

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    History of Hangul| Why is King Sejong So Awesome?

    The story of the Korean writing system (hangul) is pretty interesting. 

    It was created by King Sejong during the Joseon Dynasty. It is often called the easiest alphabet to learn in the world.

    korean alphabet

    Once upon a time, in the Land of Morning Calm, there lived a wise and forward-thinking king named Sejong the Great. This guy wasn’t your average monarch.

    he had an itch to make knowledge accessible to all, and he knew just how to scratch it cutely. 

    So, in the 15th century, he set off on an adventure to create something magical, something that would change the course of history – the Korean alphabet, Hangul!

    Now, let’s talk about the writing system King Sejong had to deal with before creating the Korean alphabet. 

    It was called Hanja, and it was a real headache. 

    Hanja used Chinese characters, and if you’ve ever tried to decipher Chinese characters, you’d know it’s no walk in the park. It was complicated, it was elitist, and the commoner had to says goodbye to literacy.

    But King Sejong, being the people’s king, had a vision. He put his best scholars to work, and after much brainstorming and tea-sipping, they unveiled Hangul in 1443.

    So, Hangul was born.

     It had 14 consonants, 10 vowels, five double consonants, 11 compound vowels, and 11 consonant clusters – a total of 40 letters.

     But here’s the kicker: these letters were like building blocks, basic geometric shapes that you could put together to form words. Suddenly, commoners and folks all welcome the power of literacy.

    Hangul’s brilliance lies in its design. 

    The characters were crafted to mimic the shapes our mouths make when we speak them. King Sejong and his team literally thought, “If we say it this way, we should write it that way.” 

    Voilà! Hangul was all about logic and accessibility makes Women, writers, and just about anyone who wanted to express themselves could do so without needing a fancy education.

    But of course, every great innovation faces its share of haters. 

    In this case, it was the Yangban class, the educated elite of Korea. They thought Hangul was beneath them, too simple, too “made-up.” They loved their Hanja, and they didn’t want to share the writing stage with this newcomer.

    In 1504, the Yangban class managed to ban Hangul. So, Hangul was sent into exile, but it wasn’t down for the count.

    In the late 16th century, thanks to writers who decided to give Hangul a second chance. They started using it to create popular stories, and boy, did it catch on! Hangul was like the cool kid on the block, and it wasn’t going away without a fight.

    Fast forward to the 1890s, and Korea was facing some serious issues – corruption, illiteracy, and a dash of Western influence. King Kojong had had enough and initiated the Gabo Reform.

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       It abolished social classes, promoted merit-based education, and declared that all official government documents should be written in Hangul.

      Then came the Japanese colonization in 1910, and things got complicated. The Japanese declared their language as the official one, and they even banned Korean literature. 

      But they weren’t all bad – they allowed Koreans to teach and study Hangul. That’s right, the rebels within the system!

      The 1930s saw a tougher stance from the Japanese, but Koreans were resilient. Groups like the Korean Language Society fought for Hangul’s survival. In 1946, when the Japanese empire finally fell in Korea, Hangul was back in business, baby!

      Even during the Korean War and the division of North and South Korea, both sides declared Hangul as their official language. North Korea even added a few extra letters to the Hangul alphabet – talk about a makeover!

      Today, South Korea celebrates Hangul Day on October 9, while North Korea has its Chosŏn’gŭl Day on January 15.

      The Hangul Revolution: Hangul wasn’t an overnight sensation, but its simplicity and elegance eventually won the hearts of the Korean people. 

      Fast forward to today, and you’ll find Hangul everywhere in modern Korea. It’s on street signs, billboards, restaurant menus, and, of course, in the heart of every K-drama subtitle

      How Does Hangul Look Like?

      Basic Concepts of Hangul

      HANGUL THE KOREAN ALPHABET

      There are only 40 letters in the Korean alphabet: 14 consonants, 10 vowels,11 combined vowels, and 5 double vowels.

      The consonants and vowels are combined together to sound out words, just like they are in English.

      Korean vowels

      In addition to the consonants, Hangul also has a set of 10 basic vowels. Here they are along with their approximate English sounds:

      • ㅏ (a): Similar to ‘a’ in “car”.
      • ㅑ (ya): Similar to ‘ya’ in “yard”.
      • ㅓ (eo): Similar to ‘u’ in “hurt”.
      • ㅕ (yeo): Similar to ‘yo’ in “yoga”.
      • ㅗ (o): Similar to ‘o’ in “core”.
      • ㅛ (yo): Similar to ‘yo’ in “yo-yo”.
      • ㅜ (u): Similar to ‘oo’ in “look”.
      • ㅠ (yu): Similar to ‘you’.
      • ㅡ (eu): Similar to ‘eu’ in “deux” (French).
      • ㅣ (i): Similar to ‘ee’ in “see”.

      These basic vowels, along with the basic and double consonants, form the building blocks of the Korean language. With a good grasp of these elements, you’re on your way to reading and writing in Korean.

      ㅏ (a)

      korean alphabet

      가다 (gada): to go

      자다 (jada): to sleep

      바나나 (banana): banana

      사랑 (sarang): love

      ㅑ (ya)

      korean alphabet

      야구 (yagu): baseball

      야자 (yaja): palm tree

      야간 (yagan): night-time

      야외 (yaoe): outdoors

      ㅓ (eo)

      korean alphabet

      버스 (beoseu): bus

      서울 (Seoul): Seoul

      복숭아 (boksunga): peach

      커피 (keopi): coffee

      ㅕ (yeo)

      korean alphabet

      여우 (yeou): fox

      여행 (yeohaeng): travel

      연필 (yeonpil): pencil

      여름 (yeoreum): summer

      ㅗ (o)

      korean alphabet

      소 (so): cow

      오렌지 (orenji): orange

      포도 (podo): grape

      골목 (golmok): alley

      ㅛ (yo)

      korean alphabet

      요일 (yoil): day of the week

      요구르트 (yogureuteu): yogurt

      요리 (yori): cooking

      요새 (yosae): recently

      ㅜ (u)

      korean alphabet

      숙제 (sukje): homework

      눈 (nun): eye

      부산 (Busan): Busan

      북 (buk): drum

      유리 (yuri): glass

      유물 (yumul): relic

      ㅠ (yu)

      korean alphabet

      유명 (yumyeong): Famous

      유치원 (yuchiwon): kindergarten

      ㅡ (eu)

      korean alphabet

      음악 (eumak): music

      은행 (eunhaeng): bank

      의자 (uija): chair

      음식 (eumsik): food

      ㅣ (i)

      korean alphabet

      이다 (ida): to be

      키스 (kiseu): kiss

      리본 (ribon): ribbon

      지하철 (jihacheol): subway

      11 Complex Vowels (made up of two basic vowels)

      In addition to the basic vowels, Hangul also consists of complex vowels that are created by combining two or more basic vowels. Here are those complex vowels along with their approximate English sounds:

      1. ㅐ (ae): Similar to ‘a’ in “cat”.
      2. ㅒ (yae): Similar to ‘ya’ in “yard” but shorter.
      3. ㅔ (e): Similar to ‘e’ in “bed”.
      4. ㅖ (ye): Similar to ‘ye’ in “yet”.
      5. ㅘ (wa): Similar to ‘wa’ in “water”.
      6. ㅙ (wae): Similar to ‘we’ in “wet”.
      7. ㅚ (oe): Similar to ‘we’ in “we”.
      8. ㅝ (wo): Similar to ‘wo’ in “won”.
      9. ㅞ (we): Similar to ‘we’ in “wet” but with rounded lips.
      10. ㅟ (wi): Similar to ‘wi’ in “wiki”.
      11. ㅢ (ui): Similar to ‘ui’ in “suite” but without a clear ‘y’ sound.

      ㅐ (ae)

      korean alphabet

      개 (gae): dog

      새 (sae): bird

      내일 (naeil): tomorrow

      해변 (haebyeon): beach

      ㅒ (yae)

      korean alphabet

      냬 (yaell): very old or archaic term

      애냬 (aeyaell): very old or archaic term

      ( it’s very old. This vowel isn’t commonly used in the modern Korean language)

      ㅔ (e)

      korean alphabet

      메뉴 (menyu): menu

      베개 (begae): pillow

      세상 (sesang): world

      게임 (geim): game

      ㅖ (ye)

      korean alphabet

      혜성 (hyeseong): comet

      혜지 (hyeji): a female name

      (This vowel isn’t commonly used in the modern Korean language)

      ㅘ (wa)

      korean alphabet

      와이파이 (waipai): Wi-Fi

      와우 (wau): wow

      와장창 (wajangchang): Bathroom

      와인 (wain): wine

      ㅙ (wae)

      korean alphabet

      왜나무 (waenamu): elm tree

      (This vowel isn’t commonly used in the modern Korean language)

      ㅚ (oe)

      korean alphabet

      회색 (hoesaek): gray color

      회사 (hoesa): Company

      회전 (hoejeon): rotation

      회의 (hoeui): meeting

      ㅝ (wo)

      korean alphabet

      워터파크 (woteopakeu): water park

      (This vowel isn’t commonly used in the modern Korean language)

      ㅞ (we)

      웨딩드레스 (weddingdeureseu): wedding dress

      (This vowel isn’t commonly used in the modern Korean language)

      ㅟ (wi)

      korean alphabet

      위성 (wiseong): satellite

      위험 (wiheom): danger

      위기 (wigye): crisis

      위원회 (wiwonhoe): committee

      ㅢ (ui)

      korean alphabet

      의자 (uija): chair

      의사 (uisa): doctor

      의미 (uimi): meaning

      의식 (uisik): Consciousness

      ㅞ (we)

      korean alphabet

      ㅞ (we): Similar to ‘we’ in “wet” but with rounded lips.

      Korean consonants

      Sure! Let’s learn the basic Hangul consonants and their respective English approximations:

      ㄹ (Rieul): This sound is a bit unique and falls between “l” and “r” but closer to “r.”

      • ㄱ (g/k): Similar to ‘g’ in “get” or ‘k’ in “kick”.
      • ㄴ (n): Similar to ‘n’ in “net”.
      • ㄷ (d/t): Similar to ‘d’ in “dog” or ‘t’ in “top”.
      • ㄹ (r/l): A unique sound, somewhere between ‘r’ and ‘l’.
      • ㅁ (m): Similar to ‘m’ in “meet”.
      • ㅂ (b/p): Similar to ‘b’ in “bat” or ‘p’ in “pat”.
      • ㅅ (s): Similar to ‘s’ in “sit”.
      • ㅇ (ng): Similar to ‘ng’ in “song”. At the start of a syllable, it’s silent.
      • ㅈ (j): Similar to ‘j’ in “jet”.
      • ㅊ (ch): Similar to ‘ch’ in “chat”.
      • ㅋ (k): A stronger ‘k’ sound, like in “kite”.
      • ㅌ (t): A stronger ‘t’ sound, like in “top”.
      • ㅍ (p): A stronger ‘p’ sound, like in “pop”.
      • ㅎ (h): Similar to ‘h’ in “hat”.

      ㄱ (g/k)

      korean alphabet

      ㄱ (Giyeok): Similar to the “g” sound in “good.”

      강 (gang): river

      국 (guk): soup

      고기 (gogi): meat

      김 (kim): seaweed

      ㄴ (n)

      korean alphabet

      ㄴ (Nieun): Similar to the “n” sound in “nice.”

      나무 (namu): tree

      남자 (namja): man

      눈 (nun): eye

      냉면 (naengmyeon): cold noodles

      ㄷ (d/t)

      korean alphabet

      ㄷ (Digeut): Similar to the “d” sound in “dog.”

      도서관 (doseogwan): library

      달 (dal): moon

      대학교 (daehakgyo): university

      동물 (dongmul): animal

      ㄹ (r/l)

      korean alphabet

      라면 (ramyeon): ramen

      리모콘 (rimokon): remote control

      로봇 (robot): robot

      립스틱 (ripseutik): lipstick

      ㅁ (m)

      korean alphabet

      맥주 (maekju): beer

      말 (mal): horse/word

      멍멍 (meongmeong): woof (dog sound)

      모자 (moja): hat

      ㅂ (b/p)

      korean alphabet

      배 (bae): pear/boat/belly

      밥 (bap): rice

      부엌 (bu-eok): kitchen

      비행기 (bihaenggi): airplane

      ㅅ (s)

      korean alphabet

      사과 (sagwa): apple

      소 (so): cow

      색깔 (saekkkal): color

      신발 (sinbal): shoes

      ㅇ (ng)

      korean alphabet

      옥수수 (oksusu): corn

      영화 (yeonghwa): movie

      양배추 (yangbaechu): cabbage

      우유 (uyu): milk

      ㅈ (j)

      korean alphabet

      자전거 (jajeongeo): bicycle

      좌석 (jwaseok): seat

      집 (jip): house

      잠자리 (jamjari): bed

      ㅊ (ch)

      korean alphabet

      차 (cha): car/tea

      체스 (che-seu): chess

      추석 (chuseok): Korean harvest festival

      치즈 (chijeu): cheese

      ㅋ (k)

      korean alphabet

      커피 (keopi): coffee

      코끼리 (kokkiri): elephant

      크레파스 (keurepas): crayon

      클럽 (keulleop): club

      ㅌ (t)

      korean alphabet

      토마토 (tomato): tomato

      텔레비전 (tellebijeon): television

      트럭 (teureok): truck

      타이타닉 (taitanik): Titanic

      ㅍ (p)

      korean alphabet

      파티 (pati): party

      팬케이크 (paenkeikeu): pancake

      피자 (pija): Pizza

      포도 (podo): grape

      ㅎ (h)

      korean alphabet

      하늘 (haneul): sky

      핸드폰 (haendeupon): cell phone

      호텔 (hotel): Hotel

      헬리콥터 (helli-kopteo): helicopter

      Korean double consonants

      In addition to the basic consonants, Hangul has a set of double or ‘tensed’ consonants. 

      These consonants are represented by double the symbol of their respective basic consonant. Here they are along with their approximate English sounds.

      • ㄲ – a hard “g” that almost sounds almost like a “k”
      • ㄸ – a hard “d” that almost sounds almost like a “t”
      • ㅃ – a hard “b” that almost sounds like a “p”
      • ㅆ – a hard “s” almost sounds like a hiss
      • ㅉ – a hard “j” that almost sounds like a “ch”

      ㄲ (kk)

      korean alphabet

      까다롭다 (kkadaropda): to be fastidious or picky

      까만 (kkaman): black or dark

      까치 (kkachi): magpie

      깎다 (kkakda): to carve or to cut

      ㄸ (tt)

      korean alphabet

      딸기 (ttalgi): strawberry

      딸래미 (ttallaemi): daughter

      뚫다 (ttulda): to pierce or to penetrate

      똑같다 (ttokkatda): to be identical or the same

      ㅃ (pp)

      korean alphabet

      빼다 (ppaeda): to subtract or to remove

      빼빼로 (ppaeppaero): Pepero (a brand of Korean snack food)

      빨다 (ppalda): to wash or to launder

      빵빵 (ppangppang): the sound of a horn or a bang

      ㅆ (ss)

      korean alphabet

      쌀 (ssal): rice

      쌓다 (ssada): to pile up or to accumulate

      씨름 (ssireum): Korean traditional wrestling

      쌍둥이 (ssangdungi): twins

      ㅉ (jj)

      korean alphabet

      짝짝이 (jjakjjagi): mismatch

      짬뽕 (jjambbong): Jjamppong (Korean spicy noodle soup)

      짜증 (jjajeung): irritation or annoyance

      짠짠이 (jjanjjani): tightwad or stingy person

      Hangul Chart: Consonant + Vowel

      Certainly! Here’s a table that pairs each consonant with each vowel to show all possible consonant + vowel combinations in Hangul:

      korean alphabet

      This table displays all the consonant + vowel combinations in Hangul, providing a comprehensive reference for learning to read and write in Korean.

      Korean Alphabet Syllable blocks 

      Certainly! Here are the nine different types of Korean syllable blocks with examples and their translations:

      korean alphabet

      1. Consonant + Vertical Vowel:

      This type of syllable block consists of an initial consonant followed by a vertical vowel.

      Examples:

      가 (ga) – “family”

      네 (ne) – “yes”

      다 (da) – “big”

      보 (bo) – “watch”

      소 (so) – “small”

      2. Consonant + Horizontal Vowel:

      These syllable blocks have an initial consonant followed by a horizontal vowel.

      Examples:

      고 (go) – “high”

      너 (neo) – “you”

      도 (do) – “road”

      무 (mu) – “nothing”

      소 (so) – “cow”

      3. Consonant + Compound Vowel:

      Compound vowels are formed when an initial consonant combines with a compound vowel, creating a unique sound.

      Examples:

      개 (gae) – “dog”

      미 (mi) – “beauty”

      새 (sae) – “bird”

      키 (ki) – “key”

      길 (gil) – “road”

      4. Consonant + Vertical Vowel + Final Consonant:

      These syllables contain an initial consonant, a vertical vowel, and a final consonant.

      Examples:

      갈 (gal) – “go”

      놀 (nol) – “play”

      달 (dal) – “moon”

      볼 (bol) – “see”

      실 (sil) – “thread”

      5. Consonant + Horizontal Vowel + Final Consonant:

      These blocks consist of an initial consonant, a horizontal vowel, and a final consonant

      Examples:

      곳 (got) – “place”

      낫 (nat) – “sickle”

      돕 (dop) – “help”

      볶 (bok) – “stir-fry”

      쇳 (swot) – “lead”

      6. Consonant + Compound Vowel + Final Consonant:

      These syllables involve an initial consonant, a compound vowel, and a final consonant.

      Examples:

      개티 (gaeti) – “plank”

      미치 (michi) – “road”

      새끼 (saeggi) – “young one”

      키스 (kiseu) – “kiss”

      길들 (gildeul) – “tame”

      7. Consonant + Vertical Vowel + (Final Consonant + Final Consonant):

      This type includes an initial consonant, a vertical vowel, and two final consonants.

      Examples:

      같다 (gatda) – “to be the same”

      닫다 (datda) – “to close”

      핥다 (halgda) – “to lick”

      씻다 (ssitda) – “to wash”

      꼭두 (kkokdu) – “turtle”

      8. Consonant + Horizontal Vowel + (Final Consonant + Final Consonant):

      These blocks contain an initial consonant, a horizontal vowel, and two final consonants.

      Examples:

      겟다 (getda) – “to get”

      믿다 (mitda) – “to believe”

      코치 (kochi) – “coach”

      줍다 (jupda) – “to pick up”

      죄송 (joesong) – “sorry”

      9. Consonant + Compound Vowel + (Final Consonant + Final Consonant):

      This type combines an initial consonant, a compound vowel, and two final consonants.

      Examples:

      반드시 (bandeusi) – “definitely”

      귀엽다 (gwiyeopda) – “cute”

      식탁 (siktak) – “dining table”

      닭고기 (dakgogi) – “chicken meat”

      작다 (jakda) – “small”

      These examples illustrate the various ways in which Korean syllable blocks can be formed, demonstrating the flexibility and richness of the Hangul writing system.

      These various syllable blocks showcase the versatility of the Korean writing system, Hangul, which allows for the representation of a wide range of sounds and words in a straightforward and logical manner.

      Hangul Stroke Order

      To form Consonant + Vowel combinations in Hangul (Korean script), follow these steps:

      Start with a Consonant: Begin by selecting a consonant character. There are 14 basic consonants in Hangul, such as ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, and so on.

      Add a Vowel: After choosing a consonant, combine it with one of the 10 basic vowel characters. Vowels in Hangul include ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, and more.

      Arrange them Left-to-Right or Top-to-Bottom: Depending on the shape of the characters, you may arrange them either left-to-right or top-to-bottom. Some consonants are horizontally oriented, while others are vertically oriented.

      Form the Syllable: The combination of the selected consonant and vowel forms a syllable. This syllable can represent a complete sound or be part of a larger word.

      Here are some examples of Consonant + Vowel combinations:

      ㅂ (b) + ㅏ (a) = 바 (ba) – This combination forms the syllable “ba.”

      ㄴ (n) + ㅓ (eo) = 너 (neo) – This combination creates the syllable “neo.”

      ㄷ (d) + ㅣ (i) = 디 (di) – This combination results in the syllable “di.”

      ㅈ (j) + ㅗ (o) = 조 (jo) – Combining these characters gives you the syllable “jo.”

      ㄱ (g) + ㅜ (u) = 구 (gu) – This combination forms the syllable “gu.”

      These are just a few examples, and there are many more possible Consonant + Vowel combinations in Hangul. These combinations are the building blocks of the Korean writing system, and by mastering them, you can start reading and writing in Korean.

      How to Read and Write Korean

      Korean writing, known as Hangul, is an alphabetic script that’s relatively easy to learn. It consists of characters formed by combining consonants and vowels. Here’s how to read and write in Korean:

      Consonants (자음 – Ja-eum): Korean has 14 basic consonants. They are written vertically or horizontally, depending on the character. Examples include ㄱ (g), ㄴ (n), and ㅁ (m).

      Vowels (모음 – Mo-eum): There are 10 basic vowels in Korean. They can be written vertically or horizontally as well. Examples include ㅏ (a), ㅓ (eo), and ㅣ (i).

      Consonant + Vowel Combination: Most Korean characters are formed by combining consonants and vowels. For example, 강 (gang) combines ㄱ (g) and ㅏ (a). The order in which you write these components matters.

      Syllables (음절 – Eum-jeol): Korean words are typically made up of one or more syllables, each containing a combination of consonants and vowels.

      Word Formation: Words are formed by arranging these syllables, with the first syllable usually representing the root meaning of the word.

      Korean pronunciation rules

      Korean pronunciation can be a bit of a rollercoaster. 

      You see, words don’t always play by the spelling rules.

      To master Korean pronunciation, you’ve got to be in on the game, and that’s where these six main pronunciation change rules come into play. 

      But hey, before we dive headfirst into these rules, let’s take a quick peek at the major pronunciation changes for Hangul characters.

      Carry Over: 

      Imagine this – if a Patchim consonant meets a vowel in the next syllable, it’s like they’re holding hands and strolling into the next syllable together. They combine forces, and the Patchim character replaces the ㅇ character in the next syllable.

      Examples:

      책이 (chaeg-i) → 채기 (chaegi)

      밥을 (bap-eul) → 바블 (babeul)

      잎이 (ip-i) → 이피 (ipi)

      Nasalization: In the world of Korean sounds, ㄴ and ㅁ are the nasal champs. When they team up with ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, or ㅎ, they assimilate and become nasal sounds themselves.

      Examples:

      국물 (guk-mul) → 궁물 (gung-mul)

      갑니다 (gam-ni-da) → 감니다 (gam-ni-da)

      낱말 (nat-mal) → 난말 (nan-mal)

      Aspiration: Picture this – when a consonant in the Patchim has a little chat with ㅎ [h], they get all aspirated and change into their aspirated buddies.

      Examples:

      좋다 (jota) → 조타 (jota)

      생각하다 (saeng-gak-ha-da) → 생가카다 (saeng-ga-ka-da)

      노랗다 (no-ra-ta) → 노라타 (no-ra-ta)

      Palatalization: When a syllable ending in ㄷ (d) or ㅌ (t) meets a syllable that starts with a “y” sounding vowel like ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ, or the vowel ㅣ (ee), ㄷ and ㅌ turn into ㅈ (j) and ㅊ (ch), respectively.

      Example:

      맏이 (mat-i) → 마지 (ma-ji)

      굳이 (gu-ji) → 구지 (gu-ji)

      같이 (ga-chi) → 가치 (ga-chi)

      Liquidation: When ㄴ (n) in the Patchim meets ㄹ (l), they blend their sounds and become ㄹ (ll).

      Examples:

      신라 (sin-la) → 실라 (sil-la)

      신림 (sin-lim) → 실림 (sil-lim)

      Tensification: Brace yourself for the intensity! When a consonant with strong vibes like ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, or ㅉ sits in the Patchim spot and faces ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ, or ㅈ, the latter bunch toughens up their pronunciation game.

      Examples:

      먹다 (meok-da) → 먹따 (meok-tta)

      맥주 (maek-ju) → 맥쭈 (maek-jju)

      받고 (bat-go) → 바꼬 (bak-ko)

      없다 (eop-da) → 업따 (eop-tta)

      I know, I know, these rules seem like a lot to digest right now. But here’s the deal – you don’t need to memorize them all at once. Just wrap your head around the concepts, and you’ll pick them up as you go through this course. These rules are like little helpers for your tongue, making Korean pronunciation a breeze.

      In the next lesson, we’ll put these rules to the test with some common Korean words borrowed from foreign languages. After that, we’ll venture into Korean grammar and sentence construction. Stick around, it’s going to be a language adventure!

      Common Uses of Hangul

      Hangul is used extensively in South Korea and North Korea for various purposes:

      Writing: Hangul is the primary script used for writing in Korean. It’s used in newspapers, books, signage, and everyday communication.

      Education: It’s the script used in schools to teach the Korean language to both native speakers and learners.

      Computing: Hangul has a dedicated keyboard layout, making it easy for Koreans to type on computers and smartphones.

      Entertainment: Hangul is used in subtitles for Korean movies and TV shows, making it essential for international audiences.

      Tips for Learning Hangul

      Learning Hangul can be a rewarding experience. Here are some tips to help you on your journey:

      Start with the Basics: Begin with the 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Practice writing and pronouncing them until you’re comfortable.

      Combine Characters: Learn how to combine consonants and vowels to create syllables and words.

      Use Resources: Utilize online courses, language apps, or textbooks designed for learning Korean.

      Practice Reading: Read Korean texts, even if you don’t understand them at first. This will help improve your reading fluency.

      Speak Aloud: Pronounce words and phrases to develop your speaking skills alongside your reading and writing.

      Immerse Yourself: If possible, immerse yourself in Korean-speaking environments to reinforce your learning.

      Be Patient: Learning a new script takes time, so don’t get discouraged if progress is slow.

      How to practice the Korean alphabet easily and never forget it?

      I know saying “Korean alphabet” is a bit confusing and so many ways make it even harder to remember. 

      but with practice and time, you can be as good as native Korean speakers.

      After all, when it comes to fluency, practice is the key.

      Here’s how I did it.

      I hope these resources will help you master the hangul in no time.

      Anki Isn’t The Only Game In Town. sing a song

      Did you know you can sing a song and master the Korean alphabet without lifting a finger?

      Well, what could be better than that?

      Here is how Koreans do it all the time (now you can do it too!!!)

      Use flashcards and Test

      Maybe the song is not your thing. What about flashcards?

      I know it’s an old thing(you might be using Anki too)

      But When it comes to mastering Korean letters, you will never regret using these fellas. 

      Here is the list 

      https://quizlet.com/1735019/hangul-alphabet-flash-cards/

      https://quizlet.com/1489913/korean-alphabet-flash-cards/

      https://www.cram.com/flashcards/korean-alphabet-10796649

      Other resources

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangul

      https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hangul-Korean-alphabet

      https://aminoapps.com/c/k-pop/page/item/korean-alphabet/JqIM_IPgVWkV3EX0WgrdwaP1qK2rPz

      Conclusion

      So, dear readers, as we wrap up.

      remember this: learning the Korean alphabet might seem daunting, but with Hangul, it’s as delightful as finding out your favorite K-pop group just dropped a surprise album. 

      Hangul, the Korean script, is a beautiful and efficient writing system. Learning Hangul is a gateway to understanding Korean culture, language, and communication. 

      By following stroke order guidelines and practicing consistently, you can become proficient in reading and writing Hangul. 

      Remember that patience and dedication are key to mastering this script.

      Now, go out there, impress your friends and family with some Korean characters, and maybe even plan a future trip to Seoul. And who knows, you might just find yourself conversing with locals over some delicious kimchi and soju while your favorite K-drama plays in the background. 

      Learning Hangul opens up a whole new world of culture and communication, and we can’t wait to see where it takes you. 

      Good luck, and annyeong (that’s “goodbye” in Korean) for now!

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        1 thought on “Korean Alphabet Made Easy: Free Beginner’s Crash Course”

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